Sleep disorders, or sleep disorders, are conditions that affect many people every night. We discover to you which is the most familiar and habitual.
It is not the first time we talk about sleep, more specifically about the importance of sleeping well and also make it enough time for our health and our body. And it is that in recent years we have known numerous scientific studies that sought to analyze the role of sleep in our health, and more specifically on the restoration and strengthening of different neural circuits. In the case of children, for example, the quality and time of sleep are even more important, since it helps to strengthen the connections between the right and left hemispheres of the brain, improving learning and consolidating or reinforcing new concepts or memories.
But as we previously knew about the effects of sleeping a few hours a day, resting less than 6 hours a day affects our body and our health. Increasing the risk of diseases such as Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s, hypertension or stroke. While intellectual capacity and performance are impaired, we gain weight, and the brain is not able to perform its necessary core functions, creating plaques that can then result in the onset of dementia and other related diseases.
What is a sleep disorder?
Sleep disorders, also known as sleep disorders or as sleep diseases, consist of a large group of disorders that affect the regular and habitual development of the sleep-wake cycle and may become so severe that they interfere with mental, emotional functioning And physical of the person.
These types of disorders can affect the course of sleep directly, or do so in a secondary way. In fact, they change either the possibility of falling asleep or staying asleep, fall asleep at inappropriate times, sleep for many hours or maintain strange behavior during sleep.
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Did you know that there are more than 100 different sleeping and waking disorders? These can group into four main categories, which divided into the following:
- Insomnia: Trouble falling asleep and staying asleep.
- Excessive daytime drowsiness: trouble staying awake.
- The problem with sleep rhythms: mainly problems for the maintenance of a regular sleep schedule.
- Interrupt sleep: support of unusual behavior during sleep.
Keep in mind that although children may show some of the symptoms of a sleep disorder, they often show no signs of excessive daytime sleepiness.
Instead, they may appear hyperactive and have difficulty focusing and concentrating. May also not perform well at school.
In the case of the pediatric population, the presence of snoring (as a common sign of increased airway resistance to normal oxygen passage) estimated at 10%. There is a peak between 2 and three years of age, and later after nine years, there is a significant decline in their presence.
There are a large number of cases that never diagnosed since in many cases it is not known that there is a therapeutic approach or just underestimate the long-term consequences of this type of pathologies.